Business Insider (BMI: BII) A study conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) found that self-esteem training was more popular among college students than those with less formal training.
The study also found that students who were more confident in their own self-worth reported being less likely to be depressed, as well as less likely than their peers to have been diagnosed with depression.
It was the first study to examine the relationship between self-belief and depression.
The NCES study looked at data from the National Survey of Children’s Health in the United States, which collected data on over 12,000 children from kindergarten through 12th grade from March 1, 2012 to April 7, 2012.
In the study, students were asked to self-identify as being “satisfied” or “angry” and to answer questions about their feelings.
The results were released last week by the NCES, a part of the U.S. Department of Education.
The survey also surveyed parents and teachers, and asked them about the importance and value of teaching self-efficacy, self-respect, and positive self-talk.
Researchers found that high levels of self-confidence were correlated with lower levels of depression and anxiety, and the more confident a student was, the less likely they were to have depression and/or anxiety.
The researchers found that having a positive self image was associated with higher levels of social support, including positive peer relationships.
“Our study provides the first evidence that high self-image, as measured by self-reported self-evaluations, is a key predictor of the development of depression in the young adult population,” said study co-author David W. Goss, PhD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Northwestern University.
“While self-acceptance is an important goal for many, it is not the only important goal.
The development of a positive and supportive sense of self is also important for mental health.”
The NCES also found higher levels both of self esteem and of positive self talk in students who reported a high degree of self reliance and positive expectations for themselves.
This study is one of two to examine these factors in a longitudinal study, the other being a study of college students conducted by Dr. Mary K. O’Brien, PhD. In this longitudinal study , the researchers asked students to report on how confident they were in their self-assessment and to describe their feelings of self worth and happiness.
Students who reported high levels of self-reliance and positive perceptions of their self were also less likely to report depression.
“The findings of this study provide a promising new perspective on how and why people who self-evaluate as highly as students who are high on self-improvement, self worth, and self-love may suffer from depression,” said Dr. Gond.
“As we continue to learn more about the role of selfesteem and self esteem in depression, the research on self esteem will be crucial for our efforts to develop treatments for the disorder.”