Self-esteem quiz: How to recognise signs of your self-worth?
Self-confidence is an important aspect of happiness, but the best way to find it can be tricky.
A new study from the University of Exeter, led by Professor James McNeill, has found that self-confidence comes in many different shapes and sizes, and is influenced by a range of different factors, such as how much time you spend with friends and colleagues, how much you spend exercising and what you read online.
But the researchers said it was important to recognise that self confidence is not a uniform trait.
It can be defined as a feeling that you’re better than others, that you have a good idea of yourself and your strengths, that your self is more valuable than others and that you are confident enough to tell others what you think of yourself.
So what do you need to do to feel confident about yourself?
‘I am confident’ Self-disclosure has been around for a long time.
In the 1950s, for instance, psychologist William James wrote a book entitled How to Become Confident in Your Own Emotions.
In his famous 1962 book, The Self-Disclosure Guide, James suggested that it was a “fundamental principle of social conduct” that people should be able to disclose to others that they are feeling, and that it is possible to “become confident in yourself”.
It is not, however, always easy to do so.
Professor McNeill and his colleagues wanted to find out whether self-disclosures are particularly difficult to maintain.
They surveyed over 1,000 people, asking them to tell a number of different stories about themselves, including things like whether they have ever been embarrassed by their body, been bullied, been judged unfairly, been rejected by people they knew or suffered from depression.
All of the participants were asked about their self-perceptions, their confidence levels and their level of self esteem.
They found that those who were self-aware of their self esteem, those who had a high self-acceptance level and those who thought that they were selfless were significantly more likely to self-declare their self worth and be confident in their self.
They also found that this increased self-awareness was linked to a significant increase in self-evaluation.
“What we found is that self esteem is not just a one-off trait,” Professor McNeil said.
“It’s a very strong, robust, strong relationship to self esteem.”
The researchers said they wanted to understand why people with low self- esteem and low self esteem self-identity were more likely than those with higher self-rejectance and low esteem to self self-deceive.
And they wanted a more complete picture of the relationship between self esteem and self-doubt, so they used data from a large study of more than 1,400 people.
Self-worth and self esteem confidence: What’s the science behind it?
In the research, published in Psychological Science, researchers found that people who scored highly in the self-respect index tended to have lower self-emotional self-assessments and were more concerned about their well-being than those who scored low in self esteem (or low self acceptance).
“This suggests that selfesteem is linked to self acceptance, rather than self-sufficiency,” Professor McMorrow said.
What’s more, they found that participants who scored high in self confidence tended to be more optimistic about their own well-Being and more satisfied with their own wellbeing.
“There are a number theories as to why this is, but there’s a lot of evidence that self image and self confidence can be linked in this way,” Professor McCown said.
The research also showed that self self esteem was not related to self anxiety.
For example, people who had high self esteem were less likely to have depression, anxiety and other psychological problems.
And people who self-reported high self confidence also were less worried about the future than people who reported low self confidence.
“Self esteem is really about knowing yourself, and this is really good for your well- being,” Professor McKee said.
If you or someone you know needs help, talk to a mental health professional.
Source: University of Cambridge / Alamy