By now, you probably know that self esteem is a complicated, multi-faceted phenomenon.
In fact, the term “self esteem” is so nebulous that the only reliable definition of the word is “how one feels about oneself”.
The more we understand the subject, the better our understanding of the phenomenon.
But the word’s importance has been largely overlooked in the past decade.
How do we measure self esteem?
According to a new study, there are three main measures of self esteem: self esteem in general, self esteem within a group, and self esteem with others.
In the study, published in Personality and Individual Differences, researchers conducted three studies: 1) the self-esteem of the average Canadian, 2) self-evaluation of a group of adults aged 20-30 and 3) self esteem across adults in a group aged 18-30.
The first two studies measured self-respect.
In both studies, the average self-ratings were taken directly from a Canadian survey of over 6,000 adults.
The third study was a survey of Canadians aged 18 and older, with over 2,000 participants.
Participants in both studies were asked about their self-acceptance, their self esteem and their self worth.
The results are interesting.
First, the majority of participants (72 per cent) reported being “very good at managing their own self-worth” (a measure of their self’s self-confidence), and that their self is “very positive about their own overall self-image.”
Second, they also reported that they were “very well accepted by other people and have good interpersonal skills” (self-efficacy).
Third, and perhaps most importantly, participants reported “very high levels of self-efficace and self-discipline” (an indicator of their “self-esteem”).
The research, as well as the results of previous studies, suggest that self-perceptions about self-reliance are a key factor in how well people can maintain their selfesteem and their ability to maintain social and emotional connection.
In a world of increasing social and communication disruption, we all have a vested interest in maintaining our self-assured self.
This self-control is often referred to as self-doubt, and can be detrimental to self-identity and self worth in many cases.
“In this study, we found that a self-valued individual’s sense of self had a significant effect on their sense of social acceptance,” Dr. Mark R. Williams, a professor at the University of Victoria and lead author of the study says.
“People are more likely to self evaluate their self self-importance when they are not well-liked.”
Dr. Williams’ research suggests that self appraisal is particularly important for individuals with a lower sense of value.
“While self esteem can be measured by other dimensions, we focused on self-judgments and self self esteem as a key dimension in this study,” Dr Williams says.
However, there is still much work to be done in terms of measuring self-sufficiency and self confidence in individuals.
For example, it is unclear how self-attitude is influenced by the size of the group in which the individual resides.
Also, self- esteem in the current study was assessed via self-reports and self assessments of the participants, which was not designed to measure how much a person truly believes.
However it is clear that the ability to self esteem was a strong predictor of self confidence and self evaluation in this sample.
“We also found that self confidence is strongly related to the ability of a person to maintain their own value.
We found that individuals who self esteem were significantly more likely than others to maintain positive and confident attitudes towards themselves and others,” Dr R.W. Williams concludes.
How does self esteem affect relationships?
Dr. R.M. Williams is a professor of psychology at the Ryerson University in Toronto, and the author of many books on self and interpersonal communication.
He has conducted studies on the impact of social influence on individuals’ self esteem.
“For example, one of the most important findings in our previous research was that the degree to which an individual was able to self assess their own values was associated with their ability not to be influenced by others,” he says.
This finding suggests that a person who feels valued and valued by others can have a stronger sense of sense of belonging in their own community.
“Our research suggests, however, that self worth does not necessarily come from being well-respected in a community, but rather from being valued within your own community.”
A positive self-rating can be a powerful motivator to maintain your own self esteem when you are isolated or feeling isolated.
In addition, a positive self appraisal can be an indicator that you are not being influenced by other individuals.
Dr. Marjorie A. Daley is a social psychologist and a professor in the Department of Psychology at the City University of New York. She